LITERARY TREND AND AUTHOR CANON
Faulkner was known for the novels and short stories set in the fictional Yoknapatawpha County, based on the real Lafayette County, Mississippi.
Modernist fiction characterised by:
THE SOUND AND THE FURY (published 1929)
The novel follows the dissolution of the Compson family after the daughter becomes pregnant through an illicit affair and is disowned.
The novel follows the breakdown of a family. The father is an alcoholic, the mother is ill and takes refuge in religion, the daughter becomes promiscuous in her teenage years and winds up pregnant, the elder son commits suicide because of his sister’s sins, the middle son becomes a thief, and the youngest son is mentally disabled. By the end of the novel, the niece runs off with a man, stealing her uncle’s money (which he had stolen from her).
The three Compton brothers reminisce about their sister Caddy, each in a separate chapter of the novel. Benjy is intellectually disabled, 33-years old when telling his story, in 1928. Quentin is a young Harvard student, who tells his story in June 1910. Jason is a store worker, speaking in 1928. The fourth chapter is told by the author, focusing on Disley, the family’s African American cook, who raised all the children. The memory of their sister’s mistake forecasts the decline of the once prominent family and examines the deterioration of the Southern aristocratic class after the Civil War. Mr. Compson sees his wealth and status crumble away after the war. He becomes an alcoholic, while his wife becomes a hypochondriac. Caddy begins to behave promiscuously and becomes pregnant. Quentin is emotionally shattered by his sister’s pregnancy and claims false responsibility for it, but no one believes him. Caddy marries a banker, but when he finds out that she is pregnant, he leaves her. Quentin commits suicide, Caddy is disowned, and the remaining family raises her daughter, Miss Quentin. Mr. Comson dies of alcoholism, and Jason becomes responsible for the family. He takes up a menial job and starts stealing the money Caddy sends to support her daughter. Miss Quentin grows up rebellious and promiscuous, in constant conflict with Jason. On Easter Sunday, 1928, she steals Jason’s money and runs with a man from a traveling show. Jason tries to follow her but loses her trace. He returns home and goes to church with Benjy and Disley.
Characters presented in the analysis of the literary fragment should be adapted to the fragment itself.
POINT OF VIEW
Depends on the character
|Jason||Short, tense sentences, based on actions and conversations; Lacks description and adjectives.|
|Quentin||His chapter follows the dissolution of his rationality and his descent into suicidal thinking; The narrative style follows his thoughts, becoming more and more chaotic.|
|Benji||Child-like language; Detached style; Disorienting because the character doesn’t understand the concept of time.|
|Omniscient narrator||Clean and elegant writing style; Tropes (similes, metaphors)|