LITERARY TREND AND AUTHOR CANON
Romanticism in Coleridge’ poems
THE RIME OF THE ANCIENT MARINER (1798)
LITERARY GENRE AND TECHNIQUES
Literary Form – ballad
The consequences of a single unthinking act;
The process of destruction and regeneration.
An old sailor who has returned from a long sea voyage stops a man who is on his way to a wedding and starts telling him his story. The man initially reacts with fear and impatience but eventually succumbs to the fascination of the story. Because he kills an albatross, a sign of good luck, the Mariner is blamed by the other sailors, who all die. The Mariner blesses the water snakes and lifts the curse, then starts travelling the world to tell his story.
Example: “Water, water everywhere”;
Example: “The breezes blew, the white foam flew,
The furrow follow’d free”.
Example: “The Ship was cheer’d, the harbour clear’d”.
Example: “The sky and the sea, and the sea and the sky
Lay like a load on my weary eye.” (comparison of the sky and the sea to a weight on the eye).
Example: “The Sun came up upon the left,
Out of the sea came he!
And he shone bright, and on the right
Went down into the sea.”
The sun is personified as a man.
Example: “Water, water everywhere
Not any drop to drink.”
The poet uses words and phrases to create “mental images” for the reader. These images help the reader visualise and experience the author’s writings realistically.
Example: “The ice was here, the ice was there,
The ice was all around:
It cracked and growled, and roared and howled,
Like noises in a swound!”
Visual and auditory images that depict ice as cracking, growling, and howling.