Announced by the Pre-Romanticism of the 18th century:
The Gothic novel (exploration of the irrational);
J.J Rousseau (philosopher): questions reason and exalts man’s emotions and imagination;
Kant (philosopher): questions the validity of science;
“Sturm und Drang”- German literary movement which revolted against literary conventions, believed in the cult of the genius and regarded nature as man’s spiritual environment.
The manifesto of British Romanticism was the preface to “Lyrical Ballads” by William Wordsworth and Samuel Coleridge, which stated that:
The language of poetry should be simple “the real language used by men”;
The subject of poetry should be “incidents and situations from common life”;
The poet’s imagination can reveal the inner truth of common things;
Poetry is considered: “the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings: it takes its origin from emotion recollected in tranquility” (W. Wordsworth).
THE AUTHOR AND HIS WORK
Poet, critic, philosopher of Romanticism, and theologian;
Part of the 1st generation of Romantic poets;
Political Radical during the French Revolution.
“Lyrical Ballads” (1798) in collaboration with Wordsworth
“Kubla Khan” (opium-vision poem, inspired by a dream);
“The Rime of the Ancient Mariner”.
Poetic criticism – “Biographia Literaria”
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