ERNEST HEMINGWAY (1899-1961)
ECONOMY AND SOCIETY:
The 1920s were called “the roaring twenties”. It was a period of excess and enjoyment.
1920-1933 ̵ the Prohibition: the ban on alcohol, clubs are illegal but they function underground and alcohol is trafficked;
1929 ̵ the prosperity comes to a sudden end because of The Great Depression ̵ millions of people lose jobs and the economy suffers an abrupt decline;
Despite the economic hardships of the 1930s, society evolved:
After WWII (1945) the economy enjoys a boom;
The consumer society is born:
IDEOLOGY AND CULTURE:
American Modernism is characterized by a sharp break from
American modernist writers rebel against all previous literature and Western models, they are angry and disillusioned with the savage war and its consequences.
Writers have a godless worldview;
Breakdown of traditional values;
Modernism is a reaction against Realism and Naturalism, which aimed at representing reality as we see it;
Modernism is influenced by:
The modernist novel:
THE AUTHOR AND HIS WORK
Born in Illinois, in a conservative community;
Injured during World War and awarded the Silver Medal of Bravery;
Worked as a journalist;
Lived in Paris and was part of the group called “The Lost Generation”;
Lived in Key West, Florida, and travelled to Spain and Africa;
Won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1923 (“The Old Man and the Sea”);
Won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1954.